How Does Kinesiology Tape Work? – The kinesiology taping method is based on the science of maintaining support to the body while allowing blood and other bodily fluids to move freely through and around the injured muscle. Kinesiology tape stabilizes the injured area by lightly adhering to the skin and applying pressure to the tissues the tape is wrapped around.
How long can you leave sports tape on?
The Guidelines for Application of Kinesiology Tape for Prevention and Treatment of Sports Injuries The number of kinesiology tape’s users is increasing year by year. However, the insufficiency of fundamental knowledge about the appropriate usage of kinesiology tapes can generate undesired side-effects caused by incorrect application of kinesiology tapes and/or denouncement of kinesiology tapes as an ineffective practice.
Therefore, it is necessary to arrange a set of general guidelines of kinesiology taping that must be followed. If not, the treatment may have to be ceased due to the side-effects such as skin’s troubles. Another problem, which impeaches effectivity of treatment by kinesiology tapes, is focusing solely on the present area of pain or discomfort.
However, such solution is only short-termed and the likelihood of reappearance of the pain is remarkably high. Therefore, it is essential to find and eliminate the origin of the problem. If these fundamentals conditions of tape’s application are satisfied, the treatment by kinesiology tapes may bring us far more better results.
- Eywords: kinesiology taping, tape’s application, sports taping, rules of taping, prevention, side-effects, core’s stability The popularity of kinesiology taping across the world is rising.
- This fact is supported by the common appearance of kinesiology tape on athlete’s bodies during top events such as the Olympic games or football leagues over the last decade.
Therefore, the results of the application of kinesiology tape will be important to sports physiotherapists, trainers, and sports medicine physicians. Even though kinesiology tape was originally developed and used for the treatment of injuries, joint stabilization, and pain reduction, nowadays, it is particularly valued for its injury prevention and performance enhancement properties,
- Currently, the public attention of kinesiology tape is nothing surprising if we consider all the advantages the application of this elastic cotton fabric tape can provide,
- Inesiology taping, in comparison to many other treatments, is invasive, simple, affordable, does not cause pain, and a relatively small amount of time is required for the application,
However, recently, there have been arguments and studies that object against its usage and denounce its effectiveness. It is important to remember that several techniques of kinesiology taping exist and the application of kinesiology tape for certain pain, injury prevention, performance enhancement, etc., can differ significantly depending on each technique.
Nevertheless, a basic set of rules for the application of kinesiology tape to prevent any undesired side-effects should be strictly followed when using any techniques. The most fundamental rule is that the skin of the taping subject must be clean, without any dirt, oils, or sweat, Also, longer body hairs, which could hinder proper adhesion of the tape to the skin, must be shaved prior to taping,
However, besides these well-known principles, there is another particularly important and fundamental rule of kinesiology taping that is either unknown or not respected, application of tape for a maximum of 24 hours, Subjects should never wear kinesiology tapes for more than a day,
There are several reasons for this time limitation. Skin troubles are the most frequent problems that arise due to excessive wearing of kinesiology tape, This does not solely mean allergic reactions that can be provoked by the glue, which adheres the fabric to the skin. Skin problems may arise particularly due to perspiration, which is part of everyday activities.
If kinesiology tape contaminated by sweat is worn for more than one day, it may cause skin irritation, It is also recommended to remove the tape immediately after showering as the wet tape can provoke undesirable skin effects. If undesirable side-effects (as itchiness, skin irritation, etc.) appear, the successive application of kinesiology tape is impossible, and treatment must be ceased,
Thus, increased attention needs to be paid to the condition of the skin. If itchiness or another undesirable effect appears, kinesiology tape must be removed immediately, The 24 hours application rule is also recommended due to the constantly changing physical condition of a subject. Where kinesiology tape is applied, and the level of stretching of the tape may vary based on treatment progression.
Therefore, taping techniques need to be modified day by day as the treatment continues, Another fundamental factor is the skin’s adaptation to stimulation created by kinesiology taping, In order to provide effective skin stimulation, it is necessary to apply new kinesiology tape every day,
- Not stretching the origin and insertion areas of kinesiology tape is one of the basic rules of taping as well.
- Approximately 2–3 cm of the starting and ending point of the tape needs to be applied to the skin without any stretching,
- Violation of this rule may cause skin problems and cause discontinuation of the treatment,
Even though one of the biggest advantages of kinesiology taping is the elasticity of the tape, it is not recommended to stretch the tape excessively. This principle also applies to skin stretching. The skin should not be stretched excessively before the application of tape.
After the application of tape, it is necessary to assure that the tape adheres to the skin properly, but vigorous rubbing of the tape should be avoided. These recommendations are made to prevent skin irritation, In order to prevent skin problems in some body parts (e.g., anterior aspect of the acromion), it is recommended to apply hypoallergenic undertape (50 × 75 mm) to the origin and insertion areas before applying kinesiology tape,
As for the kinesiology taping of athletes, it is essential to give at least 10 min for the body to adapt to the taping before any activity. If excessive perspiration during physical activity occurs, athletes should take a shower afterward and take off the kinesiology tapes when still wet.
It is not recommended to apply kinesiology tapes to the abdominal area immediately after food consumption. Otherwise, mild digestive troubles can be generated, These rules are especially important for the prevention of any skin irritation or discomfort that can occur by wearing the tapes. However, there is another fundamental principle of kinesiology taping (and treatment overall) that tends to be overlooked.
Many practitioners focus only on the part of body that needs to be fixed, but it is essential to see the body as a whole system. Segments of the human body are interconnected by the kinetic chain, Therefore, a movement of one body part influences another one.
In the case of athletes, physicians tend to concentrate on limbs, as those are perceived as a base for movement. However, since the core muscles serve as a stable basement for limbs’ movement, it is necessary to stabilize the core muscles first to achieve the improvement of limb movement, In other words, to improve the movement of distal body parts, the proximal parts must be stabilized first,
In a recently published study, kinesiology tape was applied to the forearm flexor muscles used for sport climbing, but there was no immediate effect on sport climbing performance and muscular strength. As sport climbing involves complex and several moves, they should be performed with caution,
- Sport climbing can be considered an extreme sport where a climber often repeats moves, twisting or stretching the upper and lower limbs to grab or step on a distant hold by hand or foot.
- The sport also involves the use of postural muscles responsible for balance and coordination,
- The transverse abdominis muscle, which increases abdominal pressure, contracts before a movement in the upper limb segment, increasing the stiffness of the lumbar spine,
In contrast, the contraction of the oblique abdominal muscles provides stability regardless of the direction of limb movement, Hence, the results of the Limmer et al. study may have been different if the tapes had been applied not just to the core muscles, which provide stability to the trunk but also the shoulder muscles that connect the trunk and upper extremities, finger flexor, and lumbrical muscles.
The same principle applies even for chronic pain in limbs. In such a case, the physician should not concentrate only on the elevation of the pain but should find the origin of the pain, which may be located in proximal parts of the body. Otherwise, taping may be ineffective, or the pain will be relieved only temporally and reappear,
Many other factors need to be taken into consideration while choosing the appropriate taping technique to achieve desired results, but the principles described above should never be omitted. If a solid foundation of rules for taping is established and current techniques are enhanced (or substituted by new ones), treatment by kinesiology tape may bring more various and effective results than is expected.A.A.
- Outlined and wrote the first draft of the Editorial; J.-H.L.
- Provided revisions to the first draft and contributed to its concept.A.A.
- Provided revisions to the first draft.
- All authors have read, edited, and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
- This Editorial work received no external funding.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.1. Williams S., Whatman C., Hume P.A., Sheerin K. Kinesio taping in treatment and prevention of sports injuries: A meta-analysis of the evidence for its effectiveness. Sports Med.2012; 42 :153–164. doi: 10.2165/11594960-000000000-00000.2.
Kase K., Wallis J., Kase T. Clinical Therapeutic Applications of the Kinesio Taping Method.3rd ed. Kinesio Taping Association; Albuquerque, NM, USA: 2013.3. Lee J.H., Choi S.W. Balance Taping: Clinical Application of Elastic Therapeutic Tape for Musculoskeletal Disorders. Wetape, Inc.; Paju, Korea: 2016.4.
Hwang-Bo G., Lee J.H., Kim H.D. Efficacy of kinesiology taping for recovery of dominant upper back pain in female sedentary worker having a rounded shoulder posture. Technol. Heath Care.2013; 21 :607–612. doi: 10.3233/THC-130753.5. Kim B.J., Lee J.H. Effects of scapula-upward-taping using kinesiology tape in a patient with shoulder pain caused by scapular downward rotation.J.
Phys. Ther. Sci.2015; 27 :547–548. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.547.6. Lee S.M., Lee J.H. Ankle inversion taping using kinesiology tape for treating medial ankle sprain in an amateur soccer player.J. Phys. Ther. Sci.2015; 27 :2407–2408. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.2407.7. Grigg P. Peripheral neural mechanisms in proprioception.J.
Sport Rehabil.1994; 26 :921–923. doi: 10.1123/jsr.18.104.22.168. Yamashiro K., Sato D., Yoshida T., Ishikawa T., Onishi H., Maruyama A. The effect of taping along forearm on long-latency somatosensory evoked potential (SEPs): An ERP study. Br.J. Sports Med.2011; 45 :9.
Doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090606.28.9. Riemann B.L., Lephart S.M. The sensorimotor system, Part II: The role of proprioception in motor control and functional joint stability.J. Athl. Train.2002; 37 :80–84.10. Han J.H., Lee J.H., Yoon C.H. The mechanical effect of kinesiology tape on rounded shoulder posture in seated male workers: A single blinded randomized controlled pilot study.
Physiother. Theory Pract.2015; 31 :120–125. doi: 10.3109/09593985.2014.960054.11. Kim B.J., Lee J.H., Kim C.T., Lee S.M. Effects of ankle balance taping with kinesiology tape for a patient with chronic ankle instability.J. Phys. Ther. Sci.2015; 27 :2405–2406.
- Doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.2405.12.
- Ellenbecker T.S., Davies G.J.
- Closed kinetic chain exercise: A comprehensive guide to multiple joint exercise.J. Chiropr.
- Med.2003; 2 :78.13.
- Jensen B.R., Laursen B., Sjøgaard G.
- Aspects of shoulder function in relation to exposure demands and fatigue—A mini review. Clin.
- Biomech.2000; 15 doi: 10.1016/s0268-0033(00)00054-1.14.
Moreside J.M., McGill S.M. Hip joint range of motion improvements using three different intervention.J. Strength Cond. Res.2012; 26 :1265–1273. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31824f2351.15. Limmer M., Buck S., de Marées M., Roth R. Acute effects of kinesio taping on muscular strength and endurance parameters of the finger flexors in sport climbing: A randomised, controlled crossover trial.
Eur.J. Sport Sci.2019; 29 :1–10. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2019.1633415.16. Velikonja O., Curić K., Ozura A., Jazbec S.S. Influence of sports climbing and yoga on spasticity, cognitive function, mood and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis. Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg.2010; 112 :597–601. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2010.03.006.17.
Hodges P.W., Butler J.E., McKenzie D.K., Gandevia S.C. Contraction of the human diaphragm during rapid postural adjustments.J. Physiol.1997; 505 :539–548. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1997.539bb.x.18. Hodges P.W. Core stability exercise in chronic low back pain.
- Orthop. Clin.N.
- Am.2003; 34 :245–254.
- Doi: 10.1016/S0030-5898(03)00003-8.19.
- McGill S.M., Norman R.W.
- Reassessment of the role of intra abdominal pressure in spinal compression.
- Ergonomics.1987; 30 :1565–1588.
- Doi: 10.1080/00140138708966048.20.
- Hodges P.W., Richardson C.A.
- Contraction of the abdominal muscles associated with movement of the lower limb.
Phys. Ther.1997; 77 :132–142. doi: 10.1093/ptj/77.2.132. : The Guidelines for Application of Kinesiology Tape for Prevention and Treatment of Sports Injuries
When should you not use sports tape?
Injuries can affect your mobility and often require physical therapy. Different types of physical therapy may restore full movement and functions to the injured area. Kinesiology Taping is a method utilized by physical therapists that assist in restoring services to an injured region.
If you are looking for physical therapy near Island Park, then contact us here at The Physical Therapy Experience. This type of therapy is done by strategically placing a special tape on injured joints, muscles, and or tendons. If you live in Oceanside and require physical therapy, then this form of physical therapy may benefit you.
Though you must keep in mind that Kinesiology Taping is not for all injuries, choosing the right physical therapist is key to your recovery. You should avoid using Kinesiology if you are allergic to adhesives. You should also avoid Kinesio if you have diabetes, have open wounds, DVT, Active Cancer, and or any infections in the injured area.
- You may also have issues using Kinesio if you have thin skin, sensitive skin, or had a lymph node removed.
- If you have any of these issues than you should always consult with a doctor before using this treatment.
- Our p hysical therapy near Island Park can provide you with the correct technique for Kinesiology Taping.
Kinesiology Taping is recommended if you have injuries such as carpal tunnel, back pain, and other common minor injuries. Which can be used in the following areas of the body:
Back Neck Shoulders Knees Feet Wrists
The significant advantage of Kinesiology Taping is that it’s supposed to give you the full range of motion to the injured region opposed to traditional tape which hinders full range of motion. It is also essential that the tape is applied correctly to make sure it is useful and not causing more damage to the injured region.
The tape can be implemented by yourself under the directions of your physical therapist. Kinesiology tape can also be worn for up to seven days and remain effective. It also allows many athletes or active people to stay functioning while recovering from an injury. It may be an effective treatment alone, but it may also be incorporated into other forms of therapy.
It is one of the least expensive types of physical therapy. The benefits of the tape include pain relief, accelerated recovery times, may reduce or prevent muscles spasms and cramping. If you need p hysical therapy near Island Park, then The Physical Therapy Experience may be the right fit for your Kinesiology taping needs.
What is the science behind KT tape?
Background – Kinesiology taping (KT) is used in musculoskeletal practice for preventive and rehabilitative purposes. It is claimed that KT improves blood flow in the microcirculation by creating skin convolutions and that this reduces swelling and facilitates healing of musculoskeletal injuries.
Can I shower with athletic tape on?
You may shower, bathe and swim with Kinesio Tape® on the skin. Let the tape air dry, or pat dry with a towel (do not use a hair dryer to dry). Avoid sun/excessive heat on the tape.
Does sports tape really work?
KT tape is not a long-term solution, notes Deng. But used correctly, it can help reduce pain, manage swelling, increase circulation and lend extra support to muscles and joints. ‘Everyone from athletes preventing sports injuries to older adults recovering from knee replacement surgery can use KT tape,’ says Deng.
How do you remove athletic tape without pain?
2. OILS – Oils are a tape’s worst nightmare. That’s why you won’t be able to apply tape to freshly moisturised skin. Massage oils are particularly bad for getting tape to stick. BUT, for removal they can be a dream. Just soak your tape in a little oil, wait a few minutes, and the tape will come off MUCH EASIER.
Can you use KT tape as boob tape?
Kinesio Tapes for Breast Lift – used by athletes to minimise injuries are also commonly used as, Because these tapes are skin-friendly indirect applications, they make the ideal breast tapes with zero to negligible skin burns and irritation. These elastic tapes stretch and move perfectly as you move your body while remaining firmly adhered to the skin.
Why is KT tape so effective?
What Does KT Tape Do? – When you sustain an injury, whether through overuse or impact from activity, lymphatic fluid builds up, which can cause inflammation and swelling. The buildup of lymphatic fluid can place increased pressure on the body’s muscles and tissue.
As a result, you may experience discomfort and pain. When applied correctly, KT Tape lifts the skin and allows lymphatic fluid to flow rather than build up. In turn, the flow of lymphatic fluid allows white blood cells to be carried throughout the body. This flow enables the body to eliminate bacteria and waste products from cells and tissues.
In addition to supporting the movement of lymphatic fluid in the body, KT Tape helps reduce pressure on your body tissue to reduce discomfort and pain. When you apply KT Tape correctly, you can benefit from the support your muscles will receive. As a result, you can avoid having your muscles become overextended as you engage in your athletic pursuits.
Does KT Tape come off with sweat?
Home Health & Nutrition Sweat the Small Stuff MARCH 08, 2010 Sweating is good. Sweating is healthy. Trust me, you want to be a sweating machine when exercising for a number of reasons. According to Elizabeth Quinn, an exercise physiologist and fitness consultant for about.com, “sweating during exercise is a sign of an efficient cooler.
- An athlete who has adapted to keep the body core cool during exercise will shunt blood to the skins surface more quickly and release heat from the body.
- At the same time, the sweat glands increase their output and thus cool the body during sweat evaporation.
- While fit people produce more sweat than sedentary folks, they lose less sodium, because more of it is reabsorbed by the body.” There you have it, folks! When working out and sweating, you probably don’t wear rubber pants or long sleeve flannels.
That wouldn’t make sense would it? You need a material that suits the conditions and breathes. The same holds true for kinesiology therapeutic tape. Why apply a tape that doesn’t breathe or shifts once the sweat starts flowing? Bad idea. And the designers of KT Tape had that in mind.
T Tape, once applied, will not shift due to sweat and can even be worn while swimming or in the shower. Unlike regular athletic tape, which is removed after the activity if finished, KT Tape will stay in place for up to five days. At the same time, this is not just “tape.” KT Tape is designed and used for pain relief and support without restricting motion, all while enhancing athletic performance.
So, when you think about choosing athletic wear that moves well and breathes well, don’t forget to think about which tape to choose too!
How tight should athletic tape be?
How to Prepare the Skin: Before you apply the tape, you need to prepare the area to be taped by:
Shaving the area – for best results, wet-shaving the skin 12 hours before or using an electric razor just prior. Cleaning the area by using a tape remover to remove the body oil. Covering any rashes or broken skin with a non-stick wound pad such as Elastoplast Soft Feel Compress, Applying an underwrap to the area, (optional). An underwrap, such as Elastoplast Sport Adhesive Underwrap will help protect tape-sensitive skin.
Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner How Tight Should the Tape Be?
Flexing the muscles when applying the tape will help you get the correct tension. Check that the tape is not too tight by pinching the skin below the tape for a few seconds. The skin should return to its normal colour when released. If the tape is too loose, it will not support the joint. If it is too tight, then it could cut off the blood supply. If numbness and tingling result, remove tape or bandage and reapply with reduced tightness.
Where to Apply the Tape:
Joints are normally strapped in their “at rest” position. Do not use the limb to pull against when getting the tape off the roll. Hold the roll in one hand and pull the tape off with the other hand, then apply gently OR cut off the required number of strips of the correct length before you start applying. Elastoplast’s Hand Tearable Elastic Adhesive Bandages make tape application quick and easy with no scissors required.
Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner How Much Tape to Apply: For maximum strength, overlap each layer of strapping tape by 1/3-1/2. The amount you use depends upon the amount of support you need.
Remove the tape as soon as you have finished training or playing.
How to Remove the Tape:
Ideally, remove the tape using bandage scissors. Place the scissors over a soft part of the limb (not over the bone) then slide under the tape and cut. Peel down over the top of the tape. Do not peel at right angles away from the limb. Peel gently and evenly – do not rip. A tape remover can help to quickly and painlessly remove tapes and bandages. It also helps to remove any tape residue from the skin.
Which Tape to Use: To restrict joint movement, it is best to use a rigid strapping tape, such as Elastoplast Rigid Strapping Tape,
|Preventative ankle taping||Rigid Strapping Tape 38mm or 50mm for large joints|
|Treatment such as injured ankle, elbow, fingers||Rigid Strapping Tape 25mm or 12.5mm|
|Treatment such as injured shoulder, knee, feet||Rigid Strapping Tape 50mm|
Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner To compress and support joints or muscles, use an elastic adhesive bandage, like Elastoplast’s Elastic Adhesive Bandage,
|For strong compression when returning from injury, eg sprained knee. To be used over rigid tape.||Elastic Adhesive Bandage 75mm|
|For initial compression, eg, acute ankle sprain||Elastic Adhesive Bandage 50mm|
Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist contact your healthcare practitioner Always see your doctor if the wound is deep, bleeding or shows signs of infection like reddening, swelling or warmth. Also make sure to seek medical help if you are not able to clean the wound properly.
In case you have diabetes a proper wound care is of special importance. Always discuss any concerns you may have with your doctor and/or podiatrist, even for the care of minor wounds and skin cracks – especially on your feet. Please note that none of the above given tips or recommendations substitute medical advice.
Carefully read the instructions for use given in our products‘ packages. Important: consult a health professional in case of any uncertainty of treating your wound properly. The information provided through this website should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease.
It is not a substitute for professional care or advice. If you have or suspect a health problem, you should consult your doctor. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it, because of something you have read on this website. For further information regarding Elastoplast products, please contact us via email on [email protected],
Carefully read the instructions for use given in our products’ packages.
Is sports tape sweat proof?
Kinesiology Tape – Water and sweat resistant, breathable Kinesiology Tape Developed in collaboration with renowned physiotherapists, sport doctors and athletes.
Kinesiology Tape provides comfort and support to joint and muscle areas. The tape adjusts to movement and is water and sweat resistant. Latex free.
Step 1 Apply the tape at least 20 minutes prior to physical activity. Before applying the tape make sure the skin is clean and dry. Step 2 Round the edges to avoid any bunching or rolling of the tape. Carefully tear the paper 3-4 cm from one end to remove it without touching the adhesive and apply the tape according to the instructions in the leaflet ().
What happens if you leave tape on your skin too long?
Prolonged use of tape can cause the skin to become red and sore.